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  • Area: 147,181 Sq. Km.
  • Longitude: 80° 4’ and 88°12’ East
  • Capital: Kathmandu Population: 32.1 million
  • National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
  • National Flower: Rhododendron - Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
  • Electricity: 220 Volts AC - 50 Cycles
  • National color: (Crimson (Simrik)
  • Literacy rate: 59% {2010}
  • National animal: The cow
  • Famous Nepalese proverbs: A smart jackal is no match for an old tiger
  • People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
  • Time: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT

True Facts About Nepal

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting in climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to the Arctic.

Nepal is also one of the world’s greatest trekking paradise and arguably the finest country in the world that’s known for its trekking terrain. This wonderful country contains one of the ten best rivers in the world for rafting & has a huge concentration of art, culture and tradition in the Kathmandu valley which cannot be found anywhere else in the world; Nepal is also one of the few countries of the world where you can see one horned Rhinos. Kathmandu, known for its culinary delights, is said to be one of the best places to eat east of Bangkok and west of Istanbul. One guide book has called it the best ‘budget eating capital of Asia’.
Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of mother earth is home to:
2% of all the flowering plants in the world
8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
4% of mammals on earth 11 of the world’s 15 families of
butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchid


Nepal is geographically situated between the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East and West.


Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, English is understood and spoken by majority of people in Kathmandu valley and other major cities.


Nepal was a monarchial state some years ago but after the political parties united & fought for a parliamentary form of democracy, the country now follows a Multiparty Democracy with elected representatives by the people.


The main religion in Nepal is Hinduism. However Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are also religions followed by a substantially large some of people. All religions, even in minority, have co-existed amicably in Nepal for ages.

Life expectancy

62 years on average
By law, what kind of enemy is a Gurkha forbidden to fight?
One of Hindu belief


Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from the sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine deserts & massive mountainous terrain.


The Climate in Nepal ranges from Tropical in the lowlands to arctic & extreme cold weather at higher altitudes in the Himalayas.


The monsoons in Nepal generally begin in June & runs through August till September end. However, most of the northern belts of Trans-Himalayan Zones are in the rain-shadow area which provides rain free trekking.


Nepal’s topography starts from the world’s deepest gorge ‘Kaligandaki to Mt. Everest, the highest point on earth.

What’s so special about Nepal?

Nepal is the only country on the planet which contains:
The highest mountain peak in the world (Everest- at 8848m)
The deepest river gorge in the world (Kali Gandaki River)
The birthplace of Lord Buddha (Lumbini)
The Living Goddess (Kumari) who is worshipped and taken in a chariot procession annually on special occasions.
The non-rectangular flag
The best place in the world to study Tibetan Buddhism
The largest selection of books on the Himalayas and mountain climbing
Kathmandu, the capital city, with as many idols as men and as many temples as houses
A hotel can be found at the Everest National park at an altitude of 3870m, assumed to be the highest hotel in the world (Hotel Everest View)